List of Indian States, their Capitals, and Formation Year

List of Indian States, their Capitals, and Formation Year

List of the Indian States, their Capitals, Formation Year and Officail Langugages

India is popularly known for its diverse history, travelling attractions, many scientific inventions, largest democracy, and many other aspects.

Before independence India has 565 princely states. The British rule ended in 1947 and the establishment of a free and independent India has started.

The Constitution of India come into force in 26 January 1950. Till then India has currently 28 states and 8 union territories. Today in this article, I will share list of Indian states and their capital along with their formation year and official languages.

Also learn: List of Himachal Pradesh Districts by Area

SNState NameCapital NameFormation YearOfficial Languages
1AssamDispur26-Jan-50Assamese
2BiharPatna26-Jan-50Hindi, Urdu
3OdishaBhubaneswar26-Jan-50Odia
4Tamil NaduChennai26-Jan-50Tamil, English
5Uttar PradeshLucknow26-Jan-50Hindi, Urdu
6Andhra PradeshAmaravati1-Nov-56Telugu
7KarnatakaBengaluru1-Nov-56Kannada
8KeralaThiruvananthapuram1-Nov-56Malayalam
9Madhya PradeshBhopal1-Nov-56Hindi
10PunjabChandigarh1-Nov-56Punjabi
11RajasthanJaipur1-Nov-56Hindi, English
12West BengalKolkata1-Nov-56Bengali, Hindi, Odia
13GujaratGandhinagar1-May-60Gujarati
14MaharashtraMumbai1-May-60Marathi
15NagalandKohima1-Dec-63English
16HaryanaChandigarh1-Nov-66Hindi, Punjabi
17Himachal PradeshShimla25-Jan-71Hindi, English
18ManipurImphal21-Jan-72Meitei, English
19MeghalayaShillong21-Jan-72English, Khasi
20TripuraAgartala21-Jan-72Bengali, English
21SikkimGangtok16-May-75Sikkimes, English, Lepcha
22MizoramAizawl20-Feb-87English, Hindi, Mizo
23GoaPanaji30-May-87Konkani, Marathi
24Arunachal PradeshItanagar20-Feb-87English
25JharkhandRanchi15-Nov-00Hindi, Urdu
26UttarakhandDehradun9-Nov-00Hindi, Sanskrit
27ChhattisgarhRaipur1-Nov-00Hindi
28TelanganaHyderabad2-Jun-14Telugu, Urdu

 

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