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If we look at the history of ancient India, Mughal was the only dynasty who ruled India for a long period of time. They ruled India for around 300 years. Whatever happened in India during their period played a major role in the future of India.
Mughal Dynasty has produced lots of powerful Emperors. Few Mughal rulers very brave and fully loaded with the fighting skills. Some of their kings are still known for their work and fights. Mughal empire is considered as one of the top 10 greatest empires of India history.
That’s why today I am going to tell you about those powerful rulers who developed the Mughal Empire to the next level. Let’s have a look at the list of top 5 most powerful emperor of Mughal dynasty who was known for their fights, cruelty, brave and long period reign.
Babur was the founder of the Mughal Empire. His born name was Zahir-ud-din Muhammad. The descendant of king Taimur and Changej Khan was from his father’s and mother’s side. That’s the reason he was fully capable of administration skills. During his reign, he built a long-lasting empire for his successors.
Born: February 1483 – December 1530 (47 years old)
Reign: 1526 to 1530 (4 Years)
Predecessor: Ibrahim Lodhi of Lodhi Dynasty
Successor: Humayun (His own son)
Famous Battles: Battle of Khanwa
Architecture: Babri Masjid
2. Akbar “the great”
After Babur Akbar was the only ruler who once again built the Mughal Empire that was lost by Humayun and his successors. During Humayun’s reign, Mughal lost their throne of Delhi to Sher Shah Suri.
Akbar was known for his military achievements. He contributes his military skills to expanding the Mughal Empire. He develops and reforms effective political and social life during his reign. Akbar always rewards people with loyalty. He married to the Hindu princess Jodha Bai from Jaipur.
Born: October 1542 – October 1605 (63 years old)
Reign: 1556 to 1605 (49 Years)
Predecessor: Humayun (Father)
Successor: Jahangir (Son)
Famous Battles: Battle of Haldighati, Second Battle of Panipat and Battle of Ghaghra.
Architecture: Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri, Buland Darwaza, and Jodha Bai’s Palace
This fourth Mughal Emperor has developed the art and culture during his reign. Jahangir was also known as Salim. The story of Salim and Anarkali tell us that she has a relationship with prince Jahangir and Emperor Akbar.
Born: August 1569 – October 1627 (58 years old)
Reign: 1605 to 1627 (22 Years)
Predecessor: Akbar (Father)
Successor: Shah Jahan (Son)
Famous Battles: Battle with Khusrav
Architecture: Tomb of Jahangir
Popularly known for the Taj Mahal, Shah Jahan was worn on January 1592. His reign is considered as the Golden Age of Mughal Empire. He develops the Mughal architecture to the next level.
Born: January 1592 – January 1666 (74 years old)
Reign: 1628 to 1658 (30 years)
Predecessor: Jahangir (Father)
Successor: Aurangzeb (son)
Famous Battles: viceroy on Ghazni
Architecture: Taj Mahal, Red Fort, Jama Masjid and Agra Fort
Aurangzeb was the sixth and last of most powerful Mughal Emperors. His policies were such hard that it lead Mughal Empire to the dilution. He was also known as the Alamgir.
In 1689 he brutally murdered the 2nd Maratha Chhatrapati Sambhaji. He jailed his father Shah Jahan in Agra Fort. He also killed the Sikh Guru Tegh Bahadur 1675.
Born: November 1618 – March 1707 (89 years)
Reign: 1658 to 1707 (49 years)
Predecessor: Shah Jahan (Father)
Successor: Bahadur Shah I (son)
Famous Battles: Battle of Khajwa, Battle of Samugarh, Battle of Saraighat, and Battle of Satara.
Architecture: Moti Masjid
Some of these most powerful Emperor of Mughal Dynasty was known for their cruelty and battles and some known for their contribution to the art, architecture and some other developments in ancient India.
Hope you enjoy reading the list. Let us know your thoughts on these Mughal rulers, kingdom and other things that happened during their reign.
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